The Donor Profile Database (DPD) captures and maintains information about blood donor identity, deferrals, health and travel history, etc. and make this information widely accessible to a network of blood centers. The DPD allows blood centers to maintain the consistency and integrity of blood product data and maintain global connectivity.
The Federal Drug Administration’s (FDA) continuing efforts to ensure the safety of our nation’s blood supply has highlighted the need for a comprehensive and cost effective method for performing donor screening, archiving donor histories (in a widely accessible format), and validating blood center compliance with FDA and other government and international regulations. While blood centers are required by the FDA to perform donor screening and to keep records of donor histories, the method for performing these safeguards varies considerably from center to center, making it difficult to oversee donor and blood product safety compliance at the national level.
In this project, KBSI developed a universal, integrated blood Donor Profile Database (DPD) that captures and maintains information about blood donor identity, deferrals, health and travel history, etc. and make this information widely accessible to a network of blood centers and other organizations (e.g., the Red Cross) who must monitor the nation’s blood supply. The DPD enables blood centers to maintain the consistency and integrity of blood product data and to maintain global connectivity, helping them better use blood product history for global screening and deferrals.
The DPD uses a multi-layered, open architecture that provides both controlled web-based access to blood donor and facility data and the flexibility, through a meta-data approach, to easily modify data management in response to changing regulations. The DPD’s data layer stores details about donors’ identification, demographics, health history, physical examinations, etc., about participating facilities, along with the questionnaire templates that control how and what type of data is collected. The DPD web services layer ensures data validation and consistency and controls role-based access to the DPD databases. This layer also provides a component that allows users to query the databases for specific donor history. The web interface layer provides to and use of the data worldwide via any internet connection, allowing users to securely upload and download data through their favorite internet browser. Transmissions are kept secure using a combination of Secure Socket Layer (SSL) and XML encryption techniques.
The innovative DPD technology addresses important shortcomings of current blood safety monitoring techniques by providing established procedures for recording, storing, and validating donor and blood product data and for making this information widely and securely available to the health and safety communities. By providing a powerful yet flexible framework for managing the blood supply standards outlined by the FDA and other national health organizations, DPD allows U.S. facilities to share this data among themselves and with international organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO), the European Union, and NATO.